Career women desire to pursue their career, so need to delay their pregnancy. Fortunately, they can control the timing of giving birth to a child via freezing their eggs. IVF originated in early 80s due to need for infertility treatment but today it is related to lifestyle choice. In vitro fertilization is not a taboo topic, any longer.
Medical tourism for resolving fertility issues
Medical fertility tourism in India is on rise because the cost is a fraction in comparison. The cost in India is $3,000-$4,000, whereas in the US it is five times more and in Dubai two times more. In India, IVF pregnancy success rate was around 5 to 10%. Currently, it has reached 40 to 50% in one attempt. In just three IVF rounds approximately 90% patients get pregnant.
Egg freezing technology
The rise of fertility treatment field is due to the introduction of ICSI [Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection] technology in 1992. In ICSI, sperm gets injected inside the egg for fertilization. Another technical breakthrough was in the year 2007, when embryos could be frozen successfully. This helps to have several embryo transfers in a single IVF cycle.
A decade ago a category of patients was added to the IVF technique. Women undergoing chemotherapy desired to achieve pregnancy later or career oriented women wished delayed pregnancy. Their eggs got frozen to get an IVF later on. If they used their own eggs at forty years of age then their chances to get pregnancy were only 10%. On the other hand, the eggs they had frozen at the age of 32 or 35 had greater chances [30% to 40%].
IVF treatment is not because of women infertility, it is also due to male infertility. When ICSI is done, the sperm gets magnified 200 times and then it is injected in the egg. Fortunately, 5 years ago, another technology called Intracytoplasmic morphologically selected sperm injection or IMSI was established. It allows magnifying sperms 6,000 times.
Embryo screening technology
India own quarter of the globe’s IVF treatment centers. Pre-implantation genetic screening [PGS] is used to conduct embryo biopsy for analyzing all the chromosomes. IVF future appears bright because PGS technique can help patients with repeated IVF failures or past history of abnormal children or thalassemia.
Another technique called CRISPR is in research stage, which will help to correct embryo’s deficiency, after screening. Therefore in the next couple of decades, IVF success rate in India is predicted to rise to nearly 100%.