Health Care

Smoking and Fertility in Females: What You Should Know

Becoming a surrogate means sharing your DNA to assist create a family for another person. This massive responsibility motivates most surrogacy agencies to ensure that donors are physically healthy and genetically sound.  Smoking and fertility in females is a major concern. Here’s why?

Smoking is harmful to your health and can adversely affect fertility. However, most women find this surprising. One study of female hospital employees unraveled that only 25% of them knew that smoking increases the chances of miscarriage and is detrimental to fertility.

Smoking also increases the risk for a number of health issues such as cancers, emphysema, heart disease among others. Cigarette toxins can take a toll on your lungs and your reproductive organs. Let’s look at how smoking affects fertility in females.

Smoking can harm a baby prenatally. As such, it’s prudent to quit smoking before thinking of getting pregnant in the first place. If you continue smoking, it can be an uphill task to get pregnant and stay pregnant.

Many studies suggest that smoking ten or more cigarettes a day significantly reduces your chances and ability to conceive. That doesn’t mean less than ten cigarettes a day has no effect on fertility. It simply implies that more than ten a day increases the chances of developing pregnancy problems. In fact, other studies have shown that smoking a cigarette a day, prolongs the time taken for one to conceive.

Fertility Issues Related to Smoking

  • Fallopian tubes: Smoking increases the risk of ectopic pregnancy and preventing sperm and egg from meeting.
  • Cervical Changes: Smoking increases the risk of developing cervical cancer.
  • Miscarriage: Smoking increases the chances of miscarriages because of damaged eggs, changes in the uterine lining and damaging fetus development.
  • Eggs: Cigarette toxins can damage egg development in the ovaries.

It’s worth mentioning that these issues may not directly be a result of smoking. They may be associated with one another. For instance, smoking doesn’t directly block the fallopian tubes.

Smoking and Biological Clock

Unlike men who produce sperms throughout their lifetime, women are born with all their eggs. Once damaged, there’s no reversing. Smoking can reduce the total number of eggs in the ovaries, making your ovaries age prematurely leading to early menopause.

Smoking and Birth Defects

Smoking also increases the risk of birth defects. A study of 11.7 million controls and more than 170,000 children with congenital defects established that smoking while pregnant increases the risk of:

  • Limb defects
  • Heart and cardiovascular disorders
  • Missing toes or fingers
  • Skull malformations
  • Gastrointestinal defects
  • Clubfoot
  • Hernia
  • Cleft lip or pallet

Smoking and fertility in females are important factors to consider in surrogacy. As such, we encourage all surrogates to quit smoking six months before helping others create a family. If you need any assistance, 3 Sisters Surrogacy is a great resource for assistance. They can be reached at 877-976-9483.