A Lindholm Laryngoscope is a medical device used in direct laryngoscopy. The procedure and related details are mentioned below.
The larynx is a part of the throat, a rather important part because it helps humans speak. This is why it is also called the voice box. It should not be confused with the pharynx, which is a part of the food pipe. Laryngoscopy is the endoscopy of the larynx. Endoscopy is a medical procedure which allows doctors to view the internal parts of a body part. In this case, it enables them to view the vocal folds and the glottis.
Why is this performed?
It may be performed to help in the process of tracheal intubation during cardiopulmonary resuscitation or general anaesthesia, or for performing surgical procedures on parts of the upper tracheobronchial tree or the larynx itself. One way to carry out laryngoscopy is direct laryngoscopy.
Direct laryngoscopy is usually carried out on a patient lying on their back. A laryngoscope is inserted into the right side of their mouth and swiftly turned into the left, trapping the tongue and moving it out of their line of sight. Depending on the blade type used, it is inserted either posterior or anterior relative to the epiglottis and then lifted away from the operator towards the roof, thus giving the operator a full view of the glottis. This may cause slight respiratory distress and is done in an operation theatre sufficiently prepared for its resuscitative measures.
There are almost ten types of laryngoscopes used for this process, each different from the other, but the Lindholm Laryngoscope is one of the most popular ones. This process is generally very uncomfortable for the patient and is therefore never performed on conscious patients, or on patients whose gag reflex is intact.