Morphine peaked as the drug most commonly abused in the United States due to its use as a treatment option for the addiction of opium, ironically being more addictive than the latter. Morphine is a powerful painkiller, given to those undergoing major surgeries, cancer, and for patients suffering traumatic or life-threatening wounds. Morphine is classified as a narcotic opioid drug, derived from the opioid poppy plant, and available for use in capsules, tablets, liquids, and through injectable needles.
Morphine addiction also arose from the treatment of soldiers during the Civil War. Its euphoric effects were utilized in aiding soldiers from both sides who faced horrific wounds. Later, it was discovered after the dust from the war settled that these veteran soldiers were now reliant on morphine.
What makes morphine addiction so dangerous is that it is a medicine that is often prescribed by doctors in an effort to relieve pain. Many people do not understand that despite their doctor prescribing them morphine; it is entirely possible to become addicted to this medication. For patients using prescription morphine, take caution and note any dependency or habit formation. Inform a doctor right away if this is the case.
Those with morphine addiction may find themselves with a constant interference of daily life and notice how their addiction is having an adverse effect on their personal relationships. Often times, morphine addiction will take a toll on financial situations as well. Addicts may also notice their own personality begin to grow irritable, angry, or agitated.
Over 200,000 cases of morphine addiction occur in the United States every year. Although this addiction can affect anyone, age groups most affected range from anywhere between 19 and over 60 years old. Currently, the United States has issued a national public health alert for opioid addiction and dependence. Over 116 people die each day from opioid overdose.
What are the Withdrawal Symptoms?
It does not take any more than a few doses of morphine to be at risk for addiction. Once a physical dependency has been established, those addicted to morphine may begin to notice withdrawal symptoms if their bloodstream is vacant of the drug.
Withdrawal symptoms include:
-Cramps and nausea
-Drainage; from eyes or nose
-Dizziness and light-headedness
-Failure to concentrate
-Depression and anxiety
-Decrease in appetite
What Treatment Options Are Available?
For those suffering from morphine addiction, an eradication of its use is pertinent. There are over 14,000 treatment centers ready to help with morphine addiction across the United States. Other options include medications like methadone, which can help with the numerous withdrawal symptoms. The success of treatment usually encompasses both medication and counselling.